Math is a very crucial component of a 5th grade education. Whether you homeschool or not, helping your child achieve the necessary fifth grade math objectives allows them to be prepared, confident and knowledgeable as they head into middle school and beyond. Without a solid understanding of the basics, learning more advanced math in the future will prove increasingly difficult.
In 5th grade math students predict the relative size of solutions in addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division of whole numbers, addition, subtraction, and multiplication of fractions, decimals, and mixed numbers. Additionally, they should have achieved mastery in numeration, rounding, money, and the customary and metric system, just to name a few.
Below are some concepts a fifth grader should know.
Rounding numbers to the nearest ten, hundred, thousand, ten thousand and hundred thousand
Dividing with twodigit divisors
Using partial products and mental multiplication
Ordering and comparing fractions
Comparing perimeter and area
What Math Should a 5th Grader Know?
Math Objectives for 5th Grade
Below are just some of the fifth grade math objectives your child is expected to achieve. Finding a comprehensive and effective fifth grade math curriculum will ensure your child is learning all the important concepts and topics necessary to move on to sixth grade.
Use place value to add, subtract, multiply and divide decimals
Calculate the probability of an event
Apply formulas to solve various customary length/weight/capacity/temperature problems
5th Grade Math Scope & Sequence

Chapter 1: “Number Sense”Lesson 1: Read Numbers – 2 Activities Lesson 2: Compare Numbers – 2 Activities Lesson 3: Ordinal Numbers – 2 Activities Lesson 4: Count Numbers – 2 Activities Lesson 5: Place Value – 2 Activities Lesson 6: Compare with Place Value – 2 Activities Lesson 7: Count by Twos and Fives – 2 Activities Lesson 8: Odd and Even Numbers – 2 Activities Chapter Test: Number Sense

Chapter 2: “Fractions”Lesson 1: Equal and Unequal Parts – 2 Activities Lesson 2: Halves and Fourths – 2 Activities Lesson 3: Thirds – 2 Activities Lesson 4: Equal Fractions – 2 Activities Chapter Test: Fractions

Chapter 3: “Operations”Lesson 1: Adding and Subtracting – 4 Activities Lesson 2: Place Value – 2 Activities Lesson 3: Equal Numbers – 2 Activities Lesson 4: Onedigit Addition – 2 Activities Lesson 5: Onedigit Subtraction – 2 Activities Lesson 6: Sum of Three Addends – 6 Activities Lesson 7: Twodigit Addition – 6 Activities Lesson 8: Zero as a Placeholder – 2 Activities Lesson 9: Addition and Subtraction Strategies – 7 Activities Lesson 10: OneDigit Word Problems – 2 Activities Lesson 11: Problem Solving Strategies – 2 Activities Lesson 12: Estimation Language – 2 Activities Lesson 13: Estimate – 3 Activities Chapter Test: Operations

Chapter 4: “Money”Lesson 1: Coin Values – 2 Activities Lesson 2: Count Money – 2 Activities Lesson 3: Model Money Amounts – 2 Activities Lesson 4: Add and Subtract Money – 3 Activities Chapter Test: Money

Chapter 5: “Patterns”Lesson 1: Sort Using One Attribute – 2 Activities Lesson 2: Sort Using Two Attributes – 2 Activities Lesson 3: Rules for Sorting – 2 Activities Lesson 4: Build Patterns – 2 Activities Lesson 5: Classify Patterns – 2 Activities Lesson 6: Picture and Number Patterns – 2 Activities Lesson 7: Repeating and Growing Patterns – 2 Activities Lesson 8: Patterns on a Hundreds Chart – 2 Activities Lesson 9: Skip Counting – 2 Activities Lesson 10: Extend Number Patterns – 2 Activities Chapter Test: Patterns

Chapter 6: “Algebra”Lesson 1: Order Property – 2 Activities Lesson 2: Add and Subtract Numbers – 2 Activities Lesson 3: Fact Families – 2 Activities Lesson 4: Number Sentences – 2 Activities Lesson 5: Equal and Unequal – 2 Activities Lesson 6: Greater Than and Less Than – 2 Activities Lesson 7: Solve for Unknown Numbers – 3 Activities Chapter Test: Algebra

Chapter 7: “Shapes”Lesson 1: Straight and Curved Lines – 2 Activities Lesson 2: Open and Closed Shapes – 2 Activities Lesson 3: Plane and Solid Shapes – 4 Activities Lesson 4: Special Plane Shapes – 2 Activities Lesson 5: Attributes of Plane Shapes – 2 Activities Lesson 6: Name Solid Shapes – 2 Activities Lesson 7: Attributes of Solid Shapes – 2 Activities Lesson 8: Congruent Shapes – 3 Activities Chapter Test: Shapes

Chapter 8: “Positions”Lesson 1: Positions of Objects – 2 Activities Lesson 2: Direction Words – 2 Activities Lesson 3: Position Words – 2 Activities Lesson 4: The Number Line – 2 Activities Chapter Test: Positions

Chapter 9: “Using Shapes”Lesson 1: Slides and Turns – 2 Activities Lesson 2: Congruent Shapes – 2 Activities Lesson 3: Symmetry – 2 Activities Chapter Test: Using Shapes

Chapter 10: “Spatial Sense”Lesson 1: Build Shapes – 6 Activities Lesson 2: Plane and Solid Shapes – 2 Activities Lesson 3: Perimeter and Area – 2 Activities Lesson 4: Shapes Around Us – 2 Activities Lesson 5: Pattern Blocks – 2 Activities Chapter Test: Spatial Sense

Chapter 11: “Time”Lesson 1: Calendar – 2 Activities Lesson 2: Passage of Time – 2 Activities Lesson 3: Tools for Telling Time – 2 Activities Lesson 4: Time to the Hour and Halfhour – 2 Activities Lesson 5: Time to the Hour and Halfhour – 2 Activities Lesson 6: Elapsed Time – 2 Activities Chapter Test: Time

Chapter 12: “Length”Lesson 1: Nonstandard Units – 2 Activities Lesson 2: Compare Lengths – 2 Activities Lesson 3: Customary Units – 2 Activities Lesson 4: Tools and Units – 2 Activities Lesson 5: Metric Units – 2 Activities Chapter Test: Length

Chapter 13: “Weight”Lesson 1: Nonstandard Units – 2 Activities Lesson 2: Compare Weights – 2 Activities Lesson 3: Customary Units – 3 Activities Lesson 4: Metric Units – 2 Activities Chapter Test: Weight

Chapter 14: “Capacity”Lesson 1: Nonstandard Units – 2 Activities Lesson 2: Compare Capacity – 2 Activities Lesson 3: Customary Units – 2 Activities Lesson 4: Metric Units – 2 Activities Chapter Test: Capacity

Chapter 15: “Temperature”Lesson 1: Measure Temperature – 2 Activities Lesson 2: Compare Temperature – 2 Activities Chapter Test: Temperature

Chapter 16: “Graphing”Lesson 1: Tally Table – 2 Activities Lesson 2: Pictographs – 2 Activities Lesson 3: Bar Graphs – 2 Activities Chapter Test: Graphing

Chapter 17: “Using Data”Lesson 1: Compare Data – 2 Activities Lesson 2: Make Predictions – 2 Activities Chapter Test: Using Data

Chapter 18: “Probability”Lesson 1: Certain or Impossible – 2 Activities Lesson 2: Most and Least Likely – 2 Activities Chapter Test: Probability