First graders should be learning fundamentals skills in topics like physical science, life science, and Earth science. Students should also learn the importance of observation, note taking, and communicating information, all essential skills that they will put to use as they continue to learn more advanced science concepts throughout the years.
Since science standards vary by state, be sure to inquire about what your state’s specific homeschool laws are as they pertain to first grade science. Generally, a first grade science curriculum should teach the following:
Life science (plants, animals, habitats)
Distinguishing between living and nonliving things
States of matter (solid, liquid, gas)
Classification of animals and different animal habitats
Earth and space science (solar system and beyond)
The different parts and functions of plants
Earth/space science including the water cycle and weather
Type of light energy; the characteristic of sound energy (pitch, volume, etc.)
What Science Should a 1st Grade Know?
1st Grade Science Goals/Objective
A first grade science curriculum should reteach and expand on what students learned in kindergarten, teach more advanced concepts on those topics, and introduce new material.
An effective first grade science curriculum will also give students the opportunity to make real life connections with what they are studying.
Below is a general overview of the science objectives for first grade.
Distinguish between the states of matter and how they can change
Identify the different parts and functions of plants
Distinguish between living and nonliving things
Ask scientific questions, observe using their senses, create hypothesis, draw conclusions, share data
Understand the water cycle, weather patterns, and seasons
Classify animals and the different habitats they live in
Children have an innate curiosity about the world around them. From the moment they can crawl and communicate, they begin to use their five senses to explore everything around them as they ask questions to learn more. In a way, children are natural born scientists.
A first grade science curriculum should quench that thirst for knowledge as students learn foundational science skills, take part in handson activities, and make real world connections. Introducing students to science during the early elementary years helps prepare them for more advanced science concepts that they will learn in the years to follow.
1st Grade Science Scope & Sequence

Chapter 1: “Number Sense”Lesson 1: Read Numbers – 2 Activities Lesson 2: Compare Numbers – 2 Activities Lesson 3: Ordinal Numbers – 2 Activities Lesson 4: Count Numbers – 2 Activities Lesson 5: Place Value – 2 Activities Lesson 6: Compare with Place Value – 2 Activities Lesson 7: Count by Twos and Fives – 2 Activities Lesson 8: Odd and Even Numbers – 2 Activities Chapter Test: Number Sense

Chapter 2: “Fractions”Lesson 1: Equal and Unequal Parts – 2 Activities Lesson 2: Halves and Fourths – 2 Activities Lesson 3: Thirds – 2 Activities Lesson 4: Equal Fractions – 2 Activities Chapter Test: Fractions

Chapter 3: “Operations”Lesson 1: Adding and Subtracting – 4 Activities Lesson 2: Place Value – 2 Activities Lesson 3: Equal Numbers – 2 Activities Lesson 4: Onedigit Addition – 2 Activities Lesson 5: Onedigit Subtraction – 2 Activities Lesson 6: Sum of Three Addends – 6 Activities Lesson 7: Twodigit Addition – 6 Activities Lesson 8: Zero as a Placeholder – 2 Activities Lesson 9: Addition and Subtraction Strategies – 7 Activities Lesson 10: OneDigit Word Problems – 2 Activities Lesson 11: Problem Solving Strategies – 2 Activities Lesson 12: Estimation Language – 2 Activities Lesson 13: Estimate – 3 Activities Chapter Test: Operations

Chapter 4: “Money”Lesson 1: Coin Values – 2 Activities Lesson 2: Count Money – 2 Activities Lesson 3: Model Money Amounts – 2 Activities Lesson 4: Add and Subtract Money – 3 Activities Chapter Test: Money

Chapter 5: “Patterns”Lesson 1: Sort Using One Attribute – 2 Activities Lesson 2: Sort Using Two Attributes – 2 Activities Lesson 3: Rules for Sorting – 2 Activities Lesson 4: Build Patterns – 2 Activities Lesson 5: Classify Patterns – 2 Activities Lesson 6: Picture and Number Patterns – 2 Activities Lesson 7: Repeating and Growing Patterns – 2 Activities Lesson 8: Patterns on a Hundreds Chart – 2 Activities Lesson 9: Skip Counting – 2 Activities Lesson 10: Extend Number Patterns – 2 Activities Chapter Test: Patterns

Chapter 6: “Algebra”Lesson 1: Order Property – 2 Activities Lesson 2: Add and Subtract Numbers – 2 Activities Lesson 3: Fact Families – 2 Activities Lesson 4: Number Sentences – 2 Activities Lesson 5: Equal and Unequal – 2 Activities Lesson 6: Greater Than and Less Than – 2 Activities Lesson 7: Solve for Unknown Numbers – 3 Activities Chapter Test: Algebra

Chapter 7: “Shapes”Lesson 1: Straight and Curved Lines – 2 Activities Lesson 2: Open and Closed Shapes – 2 Activities Lesson 3: Plane and Solid Shapes – 4 Activities Lesson 4: Special Plane Shapes – 2 Activities Lesson 5: Attributes of Plane Shapes – 2 Activities Lesson 6: Name Solid Shapes – 2 Activities Lesson 7: Attributes of Solid Shapes – 2 Activities Lesson 8: Congruent Shapes – 3 Activities Chapter Test: Shapes

Chapter 8: “Positions”Lesson 1: Positions of Objects – 2 Activities Lesson 2: Direction Words – 2 Activities Lesson 3: Position Words – 2 Activities Lesson 4: The Number Line – 2 Activities Chapter Test: Positions

Chapter 9: “Using Shapes”Lesson 1: Slides and Turns – 2 Activities Lesson 2: Congruent Shapes – 2 Activities Lesson 3: Symmetry – 2 Activities Chapter Test: Using Shapes

Chapter 10: “Spatial Sense”Lesson 1: Build Shapes – 6 Activities Lesson 2: Plane and Solid Shapes – 2 Activities Lesson 3: Perimeter and Area – 2 Activities Lesson 4: Shapes Around Us – 2 Activities Lesson 5: Pattern Blocks – 2 Activities Chapter Test: Spatial Sense

Chapter 11: “Time”Lesson 1: Calendar – 2 Activities Lesson 2: Passage of Time – 2 Activities Lesson 3: Tools for Telling Time – 2 Activities Lesson 4: Time to the Hour and Halfhour – 2 Activities Lesson 5: Time to the Hour and Halfhour – 2 Activities Lesson 6: Elapsed Time – 2 Activities Chapter Test: Time

Chapter 12: “Length”Lesson 1: Nonstandard Units – 2 Activities Lesson 2: Compare Lengths – 2 Activities Lesson 3: Customary Units – 2 Activities Lesson 4: Tools and Units – 2 Activities Lesson 5: Metric Units – 2 Activities Chapter Test: Length

Chapter 13: “Weight”Lesson 1: Nonstandard Units – 2 Activities Lesson 2: Compare Weights – 2 Activities Lesson 3: Customary Units – 3 Activities Lesson 4: Metric Units – 2 Activities Chapter Test: Weight

Chapter 14: “Capacity”Lesson 1: Nonstandard Units – 2 Activities Lesson 2: Compare Capacity – 2 Activities Lesson 3: Customary Units – 2 Activities Lesson 4: Metric Units – 2 Activities Chapter Test: Capacity

Chapter 15: “Temperature”Lesson 1: Measure Temperature – 2 Activities Lesson 2: Compare Temperature – 2 Activities Chapter Test: Temperature

Chapter 16: “Graphing”Lesson 1: Tally Table – 2 Activities Lesson 2: Pictographs – 2 Activities Lesson 3: Bar Graphs – 2 Activities Chapter Test: Graphing

Chapter 17: “Using Data”Lesson 1: Compare Data – 2 Activities Lesson 2: Make Predictions – 2 Activities Chapter Test: Using Data

Chapter 18: “Probability”Lesson 1: Certain or Impossible – 2 Activities Lesson 2: Most and Least Likely – 2 Activities Chapter Test: Probability